The biblio-volunteer activity for the revival of cological environment of the Aral region (Steady Development Goals – p.13 – Climatic measures)

SAIDEMBAYEVA, Aliya and OSPANOVA, Bakytzhamal (2019) The biblio-volunteer activity for the revival of cological environment of the Aral region (Steady Development Goals – p.13 – Climatic measures). Paper presented at: IFLA WLIC 2019 - Athens, Greece - Libraries: dialogue for change in Session 113c - IFLA Poster Session.

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The biblio-volunteer activity for the revival of cological environment of the Aral region (Steady Development Goals – p.13 – Climatic measures)

Before 1960: • 2-nd place among the intra-terraneous non-out-flow lakes (after the Caspian sea) • 4-th place among the lakes (after the Caspian sea, the Great American lakes and the lake of Victoria) Parameters of the Aral Sea: on 1960 on 2018 (the Lesser Aral) Area – 68 999 sq.km2 Area – 3 300 km2 Volume – 1064 km3 Volume – 29 km3 Salinity – 10% Salinity – 17% The dried Aral Sea is the greatest ecological catastrophe of our times. The topicality of the problem of the disappearing Aral Sea is a threat not only to our region but to the whole of the world. As a result of its drying the wind annually raises up to 75 millions of tons of dust and poisonous salt which are already discovered in Europe and Antarctic Continent, that’s why the Aral region is a threat to the world. Before Kazakhstan and the world community stands the problem of restoration of the Aral bio-diversity and good-quality life for the people who live there. As the head of UNO Antonio Gyterrish said (in 2018): “The Aral Sea can become the symbol of disruption of the planet by mankind ”. He called to take lessons from this tragedy and mobilize the whole international community for making actions against ecological catastrophe. The idea is in the elaboration of biblio-volunteer activity directed at the search and wide-spreading of knowledge for the communities for the stabilization of the ecological and socio-economic state of the Aral Sea. The beginning of our work is the formation and actualization of the data-base of source-study bibliography in the revival of cultural-historical ecological environment of the Near-Aral region (2017-18), the results of which will be presented at the stand. The final goal is a creation of an universal biblio-volunteer movement to promote the conservation of biological variety of the eco-systems of the Near-Aral region. The ways of solution: • The creation of the team of volunteers of the “Youth ambassadors” under the slogan “Into steady future together” as exemplified by the Experience of the volunteers (2018) from the Aral district library in the salvation of the ecological environment of the Near-Aral region. They carried out the planting of the green grasses and trees and the planting of the saksaul (Haloxylon ammodendron) immediately upon the dried bottom of the Aral Sea for the purposes of lowering of salt and dust sweepings from the bottom of the dried sea and also the protection of the people of the inhabited points and territories of agricultural use , the animal and plant world of the near Aral Sea region. • To organize cooperation with local volunteer foundations – To hold the cycles of ecological educational activities – Cooperation with local scientists and environmental organizations, foreign environmental movements and academic community of near and far abroad • The creation of ecological systems of Kazakhstani Near Aral region for improving the living conditions of the local population through the wide-spreading of “the green belt ” with the use of the local kinds of saksaul, sand acacia, grebenshchik, kakrabarak, Euphratian poplar and others with the attraction of the local and world communities. • The creation of the cultural-historical tourist complex, which includes e-tengri library, yurta-settlements and different cognitive routes around the region; • The expected results: 1. Revival of biological diversity environment and improvement of life of the local population. 2. Development of ecological tourism. 3. Activization of the local community in solving important environmental problems 4. Biodiversity conservation activity of an universal national environmental movement

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