Code and Pre-Code: Barriers to Accessing Early Sound Film in the Digital Era
KING, Rachel (2014) Code and Pre-Code: Barriers to Accessing Early Sound Film in the Digital Era. Paper presented at: IFLA WLIC 2014 - Lyon - Libraries, Citizens, Societies: Confluence for Knowledge in Session 139 - Audiovisual and Multimedia with Information Technology. In: IFLA WLIC 2014, 16-22 August 2014, Lyon, France.
Code and Pre-Code: Barriers to Accessing Early Sound Film in the Digital EraStreaming video on demand (VOD) technology has the potential to enhance the experience of movie viewers; in theory, it could offer the user not just instant access, but also a near-infinite range of film choices. In reality, in the U.S., the selection from consumer services such as Netflix is skewed in favor of mainstream titles. Furthermore, legal and commercial constraints ensure that films offered by subscription drift out of print as licenses expire; YouTube hosts many Hollywood films online, but too many of them are non-authorized, copyright-violating copies that can be withdrawn by rights holders without notice. While ordinary consumers may find these restrictions annoying, the ramifications for the academy are more serious; the commercial and copyright obstacles to access that impact commercial VOD services also threaten to disrupt pedagogical and scholarly activities at universities in the U.S. and around the world. Because of the importance of American films worldwide, the effects of U.S. copyright law reverberate internationally. In this paper, the availability of one category of American film—the early sound film from the 1930s known as “pre-Code”—is analyzed as an example of how U.S. copyright restrictions, American business practices, and changing audiovisual formats affect the availability and public awareness of large swaths of film history.
|Item Type:||Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)|
|Conference details:||IFLA WLIC 2014 - Lyon - Libraries, Citizens, Societies: Confluence for Knowledge
Session 139 - User and Interface Challenges Related to Audiovisual and Multimedia Access - Audiovisual and Multimedia with Information Technology
|Divisions:||Division 2 Library Collections > Audiovisual and Multimedia Section
Division 3 Library Services > Information Technology Section
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||Streaming Video, Film, DVD, Academic Libraries, Pre-Code|
|Date Deposited:||08 Jul 2014 13:49|
|Last Modified:||21 Jul 2014 16:22|
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