The Greatness of Clove : Challenges in Preserving Historic Newsprint Collection in Monumen Pers Nasional Solo, Indonesia

MARINTAN, Mega Alif and FEBRIYANTO, and SALIM, Tamara Adriani (2018) The Greatness of Clove : Challenges in Preserving Historic Newsprint Collection in Monumen Pers Nasional Solo, Indonesia. Paper presented at: IFLA WLIC 2018 – Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia – Transform Libraries, Transform Societies in Session 167 - News Media with Preservation and Conservation.

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Language: English (Original)
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Abstract

The Greatness of Clove : Challenges in Preserving Historic Newsprint Collection in Monumen Pers Nasional Solo, Indonesia

Monument Pers Nasional Solo is a center of press documentations situated in Central Java, Indonesia that has a collection of newspapers in printed form amounting to two million more, originating from various regions in Indonesia. Newspapers have a vital value for Indonesian and press history. The collection of newspapers in Monument Pers Nasional are dated from the period before Indonesian independence in 1945 until now. This fact shows that the physical and intellectual preservation of the newspaper collection information as an object for administrative, legal, fiscal, evidence and historical research purposes is a central function of an integral component of information center management. The purpose of this research is to identify the implementation of the preservation program in Monumen Pers Nasional, and to reveal the challenges faced in the newspaper preservation actions kept since the Indonesian independence era and the constraints faced in the preservation efforts of the collection. This research is a qualitative research using case study. The method used are interview and document study. The findings of this study are special collections displaying information about the history of the press in Indonesia divided into two are the intellectual property and press objects. An intellectual collection of newspapers, magazines, books, and bulletins. Newspapers are stored and organized by classifiying it accordingly by title and year of publication. The classification aims to facilitate the collection retrieval system. The newspaper preservation actions in the Monumen Pers Nasional are conducted curatively and preventively. The region of Solo, Indonesia, has a tropical climate which include rain and dry seasons. Climate diversity affects insect reproduction. In response to this, the Monumen Pers performs another preservation method by utilizing the unique species of Indonesian cloves. Clove is a native Indonesian plant which is widely used as a cooking spice and the main ingredient of clove cigarettes. Cloves are easy to find since they grow in tropical climates and are cheap. Use of cloves by the Monumen Pers is having it wrapped in a small paper and then placed around the collection of the newspaper. This is because of the smell of the cloves which can repel insects such as moths, termites, cockroaches, and rats. In conclusion, the newspapers is an important evidence and source of learning. The importance of the function of the newspaper, then the Monumen Pers Solo is to preserve newspapers in order to always be used for future generations. Constraints in preservation are funding and human resources. Suggestions found in the field of this research will be aimed at people who have attention in the field of newspaper collections, especially the issue of preservation of media papers that have historical value.

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